What is Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy? (+4 REBT Exercises, PDF)

Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy: Adapting Your Thinking to Improve Your Life

Albert Ellis noticed a gap in therapy work and hypothesized that the thoughts people have and the way they think could be much more vital for understanding and treating clients than current therapies assumed.

His work left a marked impact on the therapy world and introduced a new type of therapy that contributed to the development of one of the most popular and effective forms of therapy available today.

In this piece, you’ll learn about the foundations, theories, and techniques of this groundbreaking therapy: Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy, or REBT.

Before you read on, we thought you might like to download our 3 Positive Psychology Exercises for free. These science-based exercises will explore fundamental aspects of positive psychology including strengths, values, and self-compassion, and will give you the tools to enhance the wellbeing of your clients, students, or employees.

You can download the free PDF here.

What is Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy? A Definition

Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy Albert EllisAs suggested by the scenario above, rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) differed from the other mainstream therapies of its day, mainly in the importance it placed on discussing and adapting how clients think (Ellis & Dryden, 1987).

It may sound obvious today, but Ellis’ idea that the way we think has a significant impact on the way we feel was not a popularly held belief before he introduced his form of therapy.

Not only does REBT rest on the belief that the way we think influences our emotions and behavior, it attempts to help clients change the way they think to reduce negative symptoms and improve their quality of life (Albert Ellis Institute, 2014).

“People are not disturbed by things but rather by their view of things.”

Albert Ellis

As this quote from Ellis shows, Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy assumes that many people with emotional or behavioral problems struggle due to the way they perceive their experiences rather than simply the experiences themselves. REBT aims to facilitate change in core beliefs and thought patterns that will clients more effectively deal with their problems and improve their ability to function and feel in a healthy way (Dryden, David, & Ellis, 2010).

REBT also differs from other early forms of therapy in its focus on the present; in fact, according to Ellis, a common irrational belief is that our past has a significant influence on our present life (McLeod, 2015)! While our past does, of course, shape who we are today, it is an irrational belief if you feel you cannot escape your past.

The goal of Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy is best summarized as “disputing” – challenging and questioning our irrational and dysfunctional beliefs and replacing them with more sensible and functional beliefs. The result is not just changes in a few thought patterns or reducing some problematic symptoms, but a new perspective on life (Albert Ellis Institute, 2014).


Theories Behind REBT

The theory underpinning this type of therapy is that humans are not entirely rational creatures (Taylor, 2016). This should go without saying, but sometimes we can use a reminder that humans are not simple computers that take an input, read it logically, and produce an appropriate output; rather, we are complex “computers” with an unfathomably large number of inputs, complicated and mysterious internal processes, and an unfathomably large number of potential outputs.

While it is (as far as we know) impossible to be entirely rational, Ellis believed that approaching our problems in a more rational way could have a significant impact on our negative emotions and dysfunctional behaviors (Albert Ellis Institute, 2014). The most important challenge to tackle on the road to rationality is our dysfunctional or illogical thinking.

Ellis theorized that many of our emotional and behavioral problems spring from basic irrational assumptions or assumptions that are not totally grounded in reality and influence people to act in ways that are inappropriate, unhelpful, or even destructive (McLeod, 2015).

Based on this idea, Ellis developed a model to help explain, describe, and treat emotional and behavioral disturbances.


The ABCDE Model of Emotional Disturbance

Ellis hypothesized that irrational beliefs are the result of a person’s goals or desires being inhibited or blocked. When we don’t get or accomplish what we wanted to, we may develop irrational beliefs about ourselves or the world that help explain what happened (Ross, n.d.).

For example, imagine you are dead set on getting a job you applied for. You study up on the company, practice your interview answers, and make sure you’re looking extra sharp the day of the interview. Although you prepared extensively, the hiring manager decided to go with another candidate.

You may accept that this just wasn’t meant to be, or that you just weren’t the right fit for the job. However, you may also be heavily impacted by the decision and develop an irrational belief about why you didn’t get the job.

You might think, “I didn’t get this job because they can see that I’m a loser. I’m not good at anything and I never will be.”

Or, you might think, “The only reason I didn’t get this job is because the hiring manager had it out for me. It’s like the universe has it out for me!”

Both of these are thoughts that can help you explain why you didn’t get the job, but they are irrational and can lead to negative emotions and behavior down the road.

Using this scenario as an example, this is how the ABCDE model can explain the development (and the solution) of such problems (Ellis & Dryden, 1987):

A – Activating Event / Adversity

An activating event or adversity is something that triggers you to form an irrational belief, such as being turned down for the position. It is the first step in developing an irrational thought because the irrational thought is formed to help you deal with the event.

B – Irrational Belief

The “B” stands for the irrational belief that is formed in response to the activating event. This is a belief that you use to cope with the event, such as “I’m a loser, I’m useless, and I wouldn’t be able to do the job anyway.” While this is, of course, an incredibly hurtful thought, it can still be more comforting than having no idea why you didn’t get the job. Irrational beliefs are surprisingly easy to develop.

C – Emotional and Behavioral Consequences

The third component is the consequences of this irrational belief. Irrational beliefs always have consequences, sometimes emotional, sometimes behavior, and sometimes both. In this case, the consequences may be that you lose your self-confidence or frequently feel sad (emotional) and stop applying to any jobs (behavioral).

D – Disputes or Arguments

At some point, you may realize that you have an irrational belief that is causing you problems. You notice your loss of self-confidence and negative thoughts about yourself and begin to argue against your irrational belief. If you’re working with a therapist, the therapist may help guide you in developing arguments against the belief and help you come up with evidence to the contrary, such as “I have an amazing spouse. My spouse wouldn’t be with a ‘loser’ so I must not be a loser.”

E – New Effect

When you have successfully countered the irrational belief, you will notice new (hopefully more positive!) consequences or effects. In our scenario, these effects might be increased confidence, applying to more jobs, and feeling good about your abilities. These effects are the positive outcomes of holding more rational thoughts, like “I just wasn’t a good fit for that job, but I’ll find another” or “Maybe the hiring manager really didn’t like me, but that’s her loss” (McLeod, 2015).

The ABCDE model can be extremely helpful in tracing the development of irrational thought and providing a high-level outline of how to challenge and replace it.

abcde model albert ellis


REBT Exercises & Worksheets

There are many exercises, techniques, and interventions grounded in Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy and CBT theory that therapists use in treatment. There are also many exercises that can be completed individually if you are not currently working with a therapist.

This is a very small selection of the many great exercises available, but they provide a good representation of the kinds of activities that can help identify, challenge, and adapt harmful or destructive ways of thinking.


Identifying and Challenging Irrational Beliefs

This is a commonly used exercise in Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy and CBT in general, as it gets to the root of the problem according to REBT theory: the irrational belief.

This “Dysfunctional Thought Record” worksheet will walk you through the exercise. It includes a structured journal format in which the client can record their irrational thoughts and look for patterns or commonalities to get to the source of their problems.

The worksheet is divided into seven columns and includes enough space to note multiple irrational or dysfunctional thoughts.

  1. In the first column, the client is to write down the date and time.
  2. In the second column, the client should describe the situation they were in.
  3. The third column is for writing down the automatic thought that arose.
  4. In column four, clients should note the associated emotions they felt.
  5. Column five is where the client should list any cognitive distortions that came up during this situation and automatic thoughts.
  6. In the next column, the client should brainstorm effective alternative thoughts that can fight the dysfunctional automatic thoughts.
  7. Finally, the seventh column is for writing down the outcome of the situation.

This exercise will facilitate the identification of negative, irrational beliefs and the development of effective arguments against these beliefs. Keeping a record of these thoughts can help anyone to organize their thoughts, connect their beliefs to their reactions, and discover potential patterns of irrational beliefs.


Consequences Analysis

This exercise can help clients recognize the consequences of their irrational beliefs about the things that are important to them. It can also assist the client in developing a solution that goes straight to the source instead of applying an emotional “Band-Aid” to their symptoms.

This “REBT Consequences Analysis” form can guide you or your clients through the exercise.

The first section of the worksheet is labeled “Target.” It directs the client to identify a salient issue or problem they are struggling with. In addition, it directs the client to think about what their most important goals or values are, and to write these down as well.

The second section is labeled “Short-term consequences.” This section gives the client space to write down the benefits (gains, pleasures, comforts) as well as the costs (damages, harms, losses) of continuing with their usual behavior. Once they have identified the benefits and costs, they can rate each area in terms of personal importance on a scale from 0 (lowest importance) to 100 (highest importance).

The third section is in the same format as the second section but focuses the client on long-term consequences instead of short-term consequences. Once again, clients are instructed to identify the benefits and costs of continuing with business as usual and rating the importance in these areas on a scale from 0 (lowest importance) to 100 (highest importance).

Finally, the worksheet asks the client, “What is the best outcome for you in the long-term?” Here, the client should consider the short- and long-term benefits and costs, and compare the expected consequences of continuing with their current thinking or behavior versus making some changes now.


Replacing Negative Beliefs with Positive BeliefsRational Emotive Behavior Therapy exercises

This fundamental exercise helps clients confront negative and irrational automatic thoughts or beliefs. It encourages the use of reason and rationality to replace old, self-critical beliefs with new, more positive and more functional beliefs.

The Positive Belief Record worksheet can help clients complete this exercise.

It’s an extremely simple and straightforward method of challenging one’s beliefs with a scientific approach.

At the top of the worksheet, the client will find two boxes where he or she can write down the old belief and come up with a new belief to replace it.

Underneath the two beliefs is the heading “Evidence that supports the new belief (or isn’t entirely consistent with the old belief.” As you probably guessed, this is where the client can list the evidence that challenges their negative, irrational beliefs.

Enough space is provided to write down 10 pieces of evidence that support the new belief, or call the old belief into question. This evidence can include experiences you have had, something someone else has said to you, or anything else you can think of that supports the new belief or sheds doubt on the old belief.


Problem Formulation

This is another exercise that uses a rational approach to connect a situation to the usual response that follows and compares the usual outcome to the outcome if a more positive response occurred.

This worksheet outlines two types of emotional responses: unhealthy or problematic responses, and healthy (or target) responses.

In the first section, the client is instructed to identify and describe an activating event. This is an event that provokes an emotional response (the “A” in the ABCDE model). There are four subsections for the client to complete:

  1. Describe the situation.
  2. Isolate the critical factor (what it was about the event that affected you).
  3. Notice and accept bodily sensations.
  4. Invent a symbol/metaphor for the experience (one that explains how it felt).

Next, the client will describe the problematic response that follows this activating event (“B” and “C” in the ABCDE model).

The client is instructed to name the emotion, then list the thoughts and images associated with it (i.e., what was happening in your mind during the event?) and the actions and intentions that followed (i.e., how you reacted or wanted to react).

Finally, the client should describe what the healthy response would look like for him or her (the “E” in the ABCDE model).

The first component of the healthy response is the target emotion. Once the client has identified the target emotion, he or she should list the cognitive objectives (i.e., how the client would need to think in order to feel this emotion) and the behavioral objectives (i.e., what the client would need to do in order to feel this emotion).

This worksheet can help guide clients through a comparison of these two types of responses and help them recognize what a healthy response is. It can also help clients develop a plan to make the healthy response their default.

Finally, we have an additional article focusing on REBT techniques, exercises, and worksheets that you may find useful.


How REBT Relates to Positive Psychology

While Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy was developed long before positive psychology arrived on the psychology scene (around 1998-99), they share many of the same goals and areas of focus. Of course, there are some areas of disagreement between the two, such as the strict focus on rationality in REBT versus the importance many positive psychologists place on feelings or even intuition, but in general, they fit together quite well.

Upon review of Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy and positive psychology, it turns out they have a lot in common:

  • They both focus on removing or challenging the negative.
  • They both place great importance on not only removing the negative but also on replacing the negative with positive.
  • They both assume that people are competent and capable, and rely on guiding people through the process of finding better options for themselves and choosing the positive.
  • They both recognize the vital importance of how people think, rather than focusing only on what they think.
  • The ultimate goal for both REBT and positive psychology is to help people live better, more fulfilling, and happier lives.

Most importantly, even though there are theoretical differences and disagreements, they are not mutually exclusive. A client or practitioner in Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy will likely find much support and encouragement in positive psychology, and many positive psychologists recognize the importance of therapies like REBT and CBT.

It would not be incongruent to find a form of therapy that draws from both Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy and positive psychology.

Ultimately, any theoretical or philosophical differences between Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy and positive psychology are not really relevant, since they share the goal of improving lives by enhancing positive emotions, positive thoughts, and positive behaviors.


A Take-Home Message

Hopefully, this piece has given you a useful introduction to the world of Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy. Although Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy was developed several decades ago, it is still in use by psychologists and therapists around the world, and it helped lay the foundations for subsequent therapies that target the client’s cognition.

Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy remains an effective method for helping people challenge their dysfunctional thoughts, encouraging them to use reason to approach their problem-solving, and replacing their negative beliefs with new, positive, and life-enhancing beliefs.

If you would like to expand your knowledge even more, here are 18 Behavior Therapy Degrees, Certifications, & Training Courses to consider.

Have you ever tried Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy? Would you? What are your thoughts on this type of therapy? Let us know in the comments!

Thanks for reading!

We hope you enjoyed reading this article. Don’t forget to download our 3 Positive Psychology Exercises for free.


  • Albert Ellis Institute. (2014). Rational Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy. The Albert Ellis Institute. Retrieved from http://albertellis.org/rebt-cbt-therapy/
  • Dryden, W., David, D., & Ellis, A. (2010). Rational emotive behavior therapy. In K. S. Dobson (Ed.), Handbook of cognitive-behavioral therapies (3rd ed., pp. 226-276). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
  • Ellis, A. & Dryden, W. (1987). The practice of rational emotive therapy. New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company.
  • McLeod, S. (2015). Cognitive behavioral therapy. SimplyPsychology. Retrieved from https://www.simplypsychology.org/cognitive-therapy.html
  • Ross, W. (n.d.). What is REBT? REBT Network. Retrieved from http://www.rebtnetwork.org/whatis.html
  • Taylor, M. J. (2016). Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT), irrational and rational beliefs, and the mental health of athletes. Frontiers in Psychology, 7.


What our readers think

  1. sara

    Anyone know how to pull up a citation for this article

    • Nicole Celestine, Ph.D.

      Hi Sara,

      Unfortunately, there’s no button you can click to produce this, but if you want an APA 7th citation, it’d look like this:

      Ackerman, C. E. (2020). What is rational emotive behavior therapy? (+4 REBT exercises, PDF). PositivePsychology.com. Retrieved from https://positivepsychology.com/rational-emotive-behavior-therapy-rebt/

      Hope this helps!

      – Nicole | Community Manager

      • Nikki

        You’re amazing, thank you for making the college girls life just a bit easier today!

        • Nicole Celestine, Ph.D.

          You’re very welcome, Nikki 🙂

          – Nicole | Community Manager

  2. Tanya

    This opened up the whole gamut of REBT. I aim to use it with my clients. Thanks for the detailed article.

  3. Mona

    Good Morning I just translated into French the basic concepts of REBT. When I did my seminar on Counselling (in Kerala, South India) we went through all the schools of Psychology. REBT was my favourite because it questions the main obstacle of our evolutionary path: our beliefs system, conscious or unconscious. Thank you and Gratitude for sharing this article. Mona, Rajasthan

  4. Daniela Osu

    It’s all interesting. REBT it’s about finding Rational beliefs, not Positive ones. REBT it’s about disputing and rationalising any irrational beliefs and finding their rational counterpart. Positive beliefs may belong to a different Therapy, definitely not REBT

    • Nicole Celestine

      Hi Daniela,
      Glad you found the post interesting. You seem to suggest that positive beliefs and rational beliefs cannot go hand in hand. But I challenge whether this is always true. For instance, reassuring ourselves of our positive strengths for which we have external validation may be a rational approach, right?
      – Nicole | Community Manager

  5. John Kibuchi

    I am very interested in the positive psychology approach and as a student of psychology and counselling I would like to apply the material in helping clients understand REBT and help them resolve deep rooted negative emotions

  6. Fred Stilborn

    This is a great concept. I believe that it would actually be useful to, and used by many people, if provided a link to download printable files of the “worksheets” and “exercises” outlined.

    • Annelé Venter

      Hi Fred
      We fully agree, and that is why we are working at creating more worksheets and downloadable PDF’s. In the interim, if you have signed up to the toolkit you will find a fantastic selection of worksheets ready to be used and downloaded.

  7. maria

    amazing ……..very helpful

  8. William Omondi

    Your material is very helpful to me here in Kenya. I received my first client last Saturday and will definitely use the techniques in the next sessions.

  9. Taiwo

    Very helpfull

  10. Cristina Insler


  11. FredericV

    This worksheet will be available for download soon. 🙂 Time is relative said A.Einstein…
    A really good description of REBT. Good job !
    The theoretical synthesis is well explained and the proposed exercises are relevant.
    Bravo !

  12. Ashok

    Thumbs up !

  13. Sanjeev Mehta

    Wow, it seems to be a self help theory. Practicing it, over a period of time on oneself, will eventually help me develop mental-muscles to deal with any challenges that life throws at me. I really Thank you for this article.

  14. karen

    When will the worksheets be available?

  15. Sherif Ashour

    As a matter of fact I believe in the strength of the REBT as a psychological, logical, and analytical tool to help people recover and reshape their thoughts and the relating emotions so that they can feel psychologically better and enjoy more happiness. both REBT and Positive Psychology can improve our world and enhance the happiness among people all over the world.
    believe and applying on my self and still read and learn.
    Thanks and best regards,
    Sherif Ashour

  16. Dr manjit singh.

    It is practicable not too costly and time saving

  17. fatuma ali

    wow gently you explain it well

  18. Romaisa

    Brilliantly described and the best thing is ,it is lucid and easy to grasp.

  19. Adeleke Balqis Temitope

    Very good theory and effective one i think

  20. Allen Banta

    Although I have been somewhat aware of REBT for quite a long time, only until now am I beginning to become more motivated to actually actively employing the techniques as I approach my daily living “realities”. To be quick about it, I am hopeful that practicing the ABCDE model myself will in fact improve the quality of my inner life. I, also am learning and teaching myself the TED empowerment dynamic which Dr’s. Emerald and Zajonc have developed, are teaching, and coaching. All together, I’m becoming more hopeful that with the resources available to us today, that it is a reality that we, if we choose, my create lives of greater quality and Happiness which are now available to us more than ever before.

  21. Lugina Miranda

    It’s a well written, precise article in simple language which anyone can understand and follow easily. The worksheet of seven columns is very helpful to work on daily dysfunctional thoughts. I came to know how REBT relates to Positive Psychology. Thank you very much.

  22. islam

    Thank you for this wonderful article by Dr. Albert Ellis
    A simple explanation of the rational, emotional, behavioral, and realistic methods of applying this pattern to irrational thinking a

  23. Arati patil

    Nice article!! These thoughts should be spread in social media. Many people are having irrational thoughts so can’t do work with full potential. Thanks for sharing.

  24. Linda laur

    A great problem solver.another book called telling yourself truth is great for changing thought process.cognitive therapy is great.one of my tools in recovery journalizing every day I write my thoughts and after a week i read my daily thoughts and evaluate the stream of thoughtsmake notes replace neg to positive.writing is great therapy.8 evaluate assumptions. Allott people think cause they feel strongly about situ it must be true.if I recognize emotion I can change thought than change how I feel and act on if your not familiar with cognitive therapy their are psychologists who can teach you.there are 10 thinking process.example black and white thinking like things are either great or worst no I between that help you realize if your thought is rational or irrational.when I was taking psychology this subject was mention and I researched it.you should too it’s great tool.remember to look up 10 irrational thinking patterns it is important to your wolutione.hope i helped too Linda laur

  25. qbsaeed

    thanks for sharing. as I’m a student and it has helped me to sort out what to write and what not to….thanks a million

  26. Momin Wahida Nisar Ahmed

    very nice

  27. Roseleen

    Thanks Courtney. This has been a valuable piece for revision .

  28. Aaditya Kumar

    It is really helpful,
    Thank You

  29. Jim

    It was helpful for me to find this here. I am not currently involved in this therapy but I was in the past and needed a refresher. Thank you for posting this.

  30. Paulo

    “Behaviorism also largely ignored the way people think, but for different reasons – the focus was on the client’s behavior rather than their inner experience.” Oh please… That is Watson´s methodological Behaviorism. Say something like that is irresponsible. Inner experience in Behavior Analysis is called private event. And by the way, to think is a behavior, a private behavior. So many wrong informations about behaviorism….that´s sad.

    • Courtney Ackerman

      Hi Paulo, thanks for your comment.
      I disagree that there is misinformation here, as the behaviorism of the 50s, 60s, and 70s did indeed largely ignore the way people think. The behaviorism of today has certainly come a long way!
      I hope you will reread that portion and see that your concerns are not supported by the article.

      • ravinder

        Well, Behaviour stems from internal evaluations. It is the truth. can it be denied? Yes. Can it be scientifically denied? What type of science are we talking about here?
        So, when it comes to knowledge there are always overlaps. These overlaps should serve as points of congruence rather than points of forced validity. Context and perspectives are the key elements here.
        Thank You so much for a very informative article. Regards

  31. Jeremy B

    Thank you for writing this! What I love about REBT is that I can practice it daily, and these are great exercises. I’m currently using REBT to counter addictive behaviors – I was introduced to the methods through SMART Recovery, and I’m very impressed by how well it seems to work for me personally. Thank you again for the resources!

    • Courtney Ackerman

      You’re welcome, Jeremy! Isn’t it great when you find something that really works for you? Thanks for your comment!

  32. Tony West

    Courtney, thanks for this information. I am researching tests and assessments for an MS in Psych class, specializing in Sport Psychology. I believe athletes would benefit from this type of self-actualization kind of thinking and personal evaluation.

    • Courtney Ackerman

      I agree, Tony – although I think just about anyone can benefit from some introspection and self-actualization! 🙂 Thanks for your comment!

  33. Michael

    Thank you for sharing, there is much food in there for thought.

    • Courtney Ackerman

      Thanks for your comment, Michael! I’m so glad you enjoyed it.

  34. Hanna Perlberger

    Thank you for this generous article. I am referencing it in a blog I wrote on sibling rivalry in the Bible. Many thanks for so much useful information.

  35. Tolu

    This is helpful

    • Courtney Ackerman

      That’s great to hear, Tolu! Thanks for letting us know!

  36. Hanna Perlberger

    Very helpful and thank you for the worksheets. This is a very generous article and I will cite it in a blog I am writing on sibling rivalry in the Bible.

    • Courtney Ackerman

      I’m glad this piece was helpful for you! Sounds like an interesting blog – can you reply with a link to it here when it’s done?

  37. ALI

    Thanks for your attention And nice

    • Courtney Ackerman

      Thanks for your comment Ali, and thanks for reading!

  38. Noelah Nanzira

    Thank you very much for this article. I am currently a student taking Guidance and Counseling Bachelors degree. I found this article very helpful and will relate it to the study am doing on adolescents.

    • Courtney Ackerman

      Wonderful! I’m so glad you found it helpful. Thanks for letting us know!

  39. Lekshmy

    Can you explain the difference between REBT and CBT?

    • Courtney Ackerman

      Hi Lekshmy! CBT grew out of the approach Albert Ellis helped found with REBT, building on the idea that the way we think affects the way we feel. Today, the two types of therapies are not very different, but CBT will generally place slightly more emphasis on the client’s emotions and behavior than REBT.
      For more information, you can find our piece on CBT at this link: https://positivepsychologyprogram.com/what-is-cbt-definition-meaning/
      Thanks for reaching out!

  40. Rose

    Thank yo for this informative blog…..very useful

    • Courtney Ackerman

      You’re very welcome, Rose. Thank you for commenting!

  41. Wendy

    Thank you for this very informative article. I am currently doing this type of work with prisoners but didn’t realise where it actually originated from. I feel much more enlightened now!

    • Courtney Ackerman

      Awesome, Wendy! It’s great to hear that my piece has contributed to enlightenment 🙂

  42. Charles Cooper

    I have had success with REBT therapy in the past and for some reason stopped. This article came at the perfect time for me, I’m going to renew my efforts with it. Thank you.

    • Courtney Ackerman

      Wonderful! I’m so glad it has been helpful for you Charles. Thank you for your comment!

  43. Ivana Ngom

    Martin Seligman in his Learned Optimism already introduced this ABCDE model, except that his E stands for energization

    • Courtney Ackerman

      True, Seligman’s ABCDE is very similar to Ellis’ model. However, Ellis came up with his much earlier! It’s good to know that this model has a long history of helping to explain behavior.

  44. Donna Joyce

    Thank you for such informative inspiration. Will keep it and I will keep going back to it.
    Thank you.

    • Courtney Ackerman

      That’s wonderful to hear, Donna! Thank you for your comment.

  45. Ken McCoy

    Great content! Thank you for the clarity.

    • Courtney Ackerman

      You’re welcome, Ken! Thanks for reading!

  46. Philip

    Fantastic article! Thank you for providing us with quality information.

    • Courtney Ackerman

      Thanks, Philip! I’m so happy to hear you enjoyed it.

  47. Lisa

    What would you say to someone who says, “I know rationally what I am supposed to do or think, but emotionally I still feel bad. For example, client says, “I know there are many examples of why I am a competent person, but yet I still feel like a loser because I didn’t get the job.”

    • ravinder

      “I know there are many examples of why I am a competent person, but yet I still feel like a loser because I didn’t get the job.”
      – Here, Is the client at the end of feeling sorry for himself? or is it going on for some time, is it a pattern? Try and get a glimpse of underlying factors. At this stage, it is perfectly okay to agree that such feelings are normal. Don’t rush the client as per your timelines rather try to go as per his schedule. if he is too laid back then tweak it in a mutually directive way. Yet the Client’s focus needs to be
      re-directed towards rationality and logic and magnifying his strngths Finally what to say, the actual words,” I do understand what this job meant to You. It would have been very good had you got the Job. Job is yet a vacancy that can be filled by anyone. there have been people in the past and will be many more in future! So you wanted it too this time. It’s not your rejection rather someone else’s selection. Its happening all around us. It’s normal overall. Now I have to find new resources in me to match the job for future.”

  48. Fola

    Great blog

    • Courtney Ackerman

      Thanks for the compliment, Fola!

  49. Talita

    I loved this blog. The articles are of quality. Congratulations.

    • Courtney Ackerman

      Thanks Talita, I’m so glad you enjoy the blog! We certainly work hard to bring our readers useful information and interesting ideas. Thanks for reading!


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