Body & Brain

Positive psychology articles related to the human body and brain. Which positive psychology theories and interventions can help us to improve physical and mental well-being?

28 Inspiring Mental Health Quotes That Will Empower You

Mental health quotes

Mental health is an integral component of maintaining good overall health. When individuals are mentally healthy, they are able to realize their own abilities, cope with the normal stresses of life, work productively, and make positive contributions to their community (World Health Organization, 2004). When individuals experience poor mental health, […]

What Is a Highly Sensitive Person (HSP)? 12 Tests & Treatments

Highly Sensitive Person

Are you a sensitive soul? Do you know someone who is? Did you know there is a trait characterized by sensory processing sensitivity (SPS), which identifies a highly sensitive person/personality (HSP)? The term HSP was first coined by the psychologist Elaine Aron (1996), who is herself an HSP. She and […]

Piaget’s Schema & Learning Theory: 3 Fascinating Experiments

Piaget Schemas

Jean Piaget’s theories of cognitive development remain hugely influential in both the popular and academic understanding of how our knowledge of the world is shaped by developmental forces. Piagetian approaches to learning as a process of actively constructing knowledge have been particularly effective in education, where they challenged traditional methods […]

How to Write a Case Conceptualization: 10 Examples and Templates

Case Conceptualization Examples

In the helping professions, working effectively with clients depends on understanding them well. Such understanding can be developed by reading relevant records, meeting with clients face to face, and using assessments such as a mental status examination. As you proceed, you are forming a guiding concept of who this client […]

How to Change Behavior & Habits: 15 Therapy Techniques

Behavior change techniques

Behavior change is recognized by politicians, scientists, and therapists worldwide as crucial to solving individual and social problems. The development of effective behavioral solutions to tackle chronic health conditions, mental health problems, financial difficulty, and criminal behavior has impacted fields as diverse as medicine and health, policing, and education (Hagger, […]

How to Promote Cognitive Development: 23 Activities & Games

Cognitive development activities

While reading, writing, and mathematics are important, developing cognitive skills is indispensable for lifelong learning. It is imperative that children reach their full cognitive potential, as childhood development and intellectual functioning predict survival, lifelong health, and human capital (Casanova et al., 2021). Cognition includes the general processes of perception, attention, […]

Mental Status Exams: 10 Best Templates, Questions & Examples

Mental Status Examination

As helping professionals, we routinely gather information about our clients’ functioning. There are various ways to gather such information, from brief check-ins to more extended or formal evaluations. Most formal examinations involve questioning clients in depth about their functioning and noting systematically how they behave. One of the most common […]

What Is Cognitive Development? 3 Psychology Theories

Cognitive Development

Cognitive development is certainly not an easy topic to grasp. But don’t worry, we will try our best to help you with the essentials of this complex field of study. We'll start with some background, then show you how cognitive skills are used every day. In addition, we will explain […]

20 Sleep Hygiene Tips and Worksheets for Kids & Teenagers

Sleep hygiene tips

Every parent should know the importance of their own and their child’s sleep. When well-timed and of sufficient duration, it sets the scene for more relaxed and successful family relationships. A wealth of scientific study backs this up, citing how much, how well, and when you sleep as crucial to […]

Embodiment Practices: How to Heal Through Movement

Embodiment philosophy

When was the last time you felt truly connected to the sensations of your body and fully aware of the present moment? It is easy to get disconnected when listening to the demands of life. We are trained to ignore internal sensations and what the body is telling us so […]

How to Improve Cognitive Function: 6 Mental Fitness Exercises

Improve cognitive health

Cognitive health is increasingly recognized as a key component of overall health and wellness (Bart et al., 2018). As with other dimensions of health and wellness, deliberate effort is needed to maintain and especially improve cognitive health. In this article, we discuss key factors and exercises that can improve cognitive […]

What Is Cognitive Health & Why Is It Important to Maintain It?

Cognitive Health

Health and wellbeing have been studied since at least the 1950s as a complex construct involving several factors. These factors include diet, exercise, sleep, social engagement, emotional balance, and cognitive health (Bart et al., 2018). While cognitive health has often been included as a dimension of health and wellbeing, its […]

Become a Sleep Coach: 7 Certification Programs & Methods

Sleep coach

These days you can find a coach for almost anything. There are life coaches, business coaches, performance coaches, and health coaches. But have you heard of a sleep coach? They perform an essential role in reestablishing good sleep for struggling people. The American Academy of Sleep Medicine (2020) reported that […]

12 Most Reliable Mental Health Assessment Tools

Assessment tools

Assessment tools remain a cornerstone of many professions centering around the human mind. Typically, these assessments invite clients to respond to questions about their mental state and subjective experiences. Psychologists and therapists depend on these tools to make decisions about the best course of treatment for clients seeking support for […]

Piaget’s Stages: 4 Stages of Cognitive Development & Theory

Piaget's Stages

Have you ever experienced the following? You’re trying to explain something to a child, and even though it seems so obvious to you, the child just doesn’t seem to understand. They repeat the same mistake, over and over, and you become increasingly frustrated. Well, guess what? The child is not […]

How Are Habits Formed? The Psychology of Habit Formation

How are habits formed?

In his essay Of Habit, the French philosopher Ravaisson (1838/2008) describes habits as familiar yet mysterious. Actions that are repeated over time gradually became habits, with a curious life of their own. Ravaisson was most fascinated by positive or adaptive habits, those we develop mindfully (Malabou, 2008). Of course, not […]

Sleep Hygiene Tips: 6 Worksheets for a Healthy Night’s Rest

Sleep habits

2:57 a.m. Another five minutes have passed, and I am still awake. Morning looms. A third of adults in developed countries fail to get the recommended seven to nine hours of sleep each night (Walker, 2018). Its effect is catastrophic. Not only does a lack of sleep affect mood and […]

Your Ultimate Biofeedback Therapy Toolkit [2020 Update]

Biofeedback Therapy

Life changes, while often vital to our wellbeing, can be a leap of faith. We try to become confident and less stressed, more assertive, and goal focused while improving our grip on anxiety. And yet, how do we know if it’s working? How can we be sure that the changes […]

Somatic Experiencing Therapy: 10 Best Exercises & Examples

Somatic experiencing

While events like natural disasters, wars, or accidents can be considered traumatic by most people, other events may be traumatic due to people’s subjective experience. Experiencing a traumatic event can have either a transitory or an ongoing impact on psychological and physical states. Some people can easily overcome the impact […]

Exploring the Mind–Body Connection Through Research

The debate about the mind–body connection has been around for millennia. From ancient philosophers and religions to modern science, there have been different views on whether the mind and the body are related, if they can affect each other, and how that interaction can be possible. Although mainstream contemporary science […]

Erik Erikson’s Stages of Psychosocial Development Explained

In 1623, William Shakespeare wrote, “one man in his time plays many parts, his acts being seven ages,” from screaming infant to the finality of oblivion. Three hundred years later, the psychologist Erik Erikson offered a more modern, and less sexually biased (equality was very much an issue in Tudor […]

What Is Emotional Health? (& 11 Emotional Wellness Activities)

The subjective, human experience of emotions comprises a wide, colorful continuum of feelings. The journey begins the day we are born and continues until the day we leave this earth. How we effectively handle the full spectrum determines our emotional health. Some people are adept at navigating this complicated world […]

72 Mental Health Questions for Counselors and Patients

What does "mental health" mean to you? Is it the same as happiness? Or is it simply the absence of mental illness? Whether you are a professional therapist or want to help a friend in need, it helps to have some mental health questions up your sleeve. You may not […]

The Benefits of Mental Health According to Science

The absence of mental illness does not equal mental health. Just as the lack of physical illness does not equal physical wellness. To reap the benefits of mental health, special attention to the growth of practices that improve mental health is necessary. There’s, unfortunately, no magic wand, magic pill, or […]

26 Mental Health Exercises & Interventions Based on Science

Mental health is undoubtedly an important topic; however, many people find it uncomfortable to talk about it. Mental health includes your emotional health, your psychological health, and your social well-being. The state of your mental health determines how you handle stress, how you relate to others, and how you make […]

32 Best Mental Health Books for Increasing Your Wellbeing

They say, ‘health is not just about what we eat. It is also about what we think, say, and do.’ Mental health forms a significant part of our overall wellbeing and encompasses parts of emotional health, psychological health, and social awareness. Positive mental health lets us: Explore our inner potentials […]

How to Measure Flow with Scales and Questionnaires

Someone who’s really caught up in what they are doing might say “I’m in the zone.” Positive psychologists use a similar term for this state: ‘Flow.’ Flow refers to the positive experience of complete absorption in an activity that is both spontaneous and effortless (Csikszentmihalyi, 2000; Nakamura & Csikszentmihalyi, 2014). […]

5 Quality of Life Questionnaires and Assessments

Quality of Life Questionnaires

If someone were to ask you to rate your quality of life on a scale of 1 to 10, how would you answer? More importantly, what aspects of your life would you be considering as you were selecting your rating? If you’re unsure, you are not alone. There are many […]

11 Activities and Exercises to Induce a Flow State (+ 6 Examples)

With many things in life ostensibly out of our control, it is easy to consider our fate as being determined by external factors. However, consider times when instead of being driven by extraneous forces, you have felt in complete control of your actions - the master of your destiny! The […]

10 Neurological Benefits of Exercise

Perhaps you have a rough idea about how exercise affects your health, weight, and energy levels. But do you know about its impact on the brain? The neurological benefits are clear and significant. In this article, we will be taking a 360° view on the context, the facts, the research […]

Flow Theory in Psychology: 13 Key Findings & Examples

theory behind flow

Have you ever been ‘in the zone?’ We all want to experience it. It’s intense, exhilarating, and satisfying. When we’re in the zone, or what researchers call ‘flow,’ we feel invisible. The theory behind flow is as popular as ever with researchers investigating its effects in several areas of our […]

The Positive Effects Of Nature On Your Mental Wellbeing

Benefits of connecting with nature

Nature heals. Just a walk in the woods or a stroll by the beach on a sunny morning can awaken the innermost feelings of happiness and peace, and Environmental Psychology has gone a long way proving this fact (Bell, Greene, Fisher, & Baum, 1996). Our affinity toward nature is genetic […]

What is Peak-End Theory? The Truth About How Our Memory Can Fool Us

Update March 2019: This is article on peak-end theory has been updated and extended. We'll walk you through the psychology behind the peak-end theory, relevant research supporting it, and how it relates to pain and pleasure. As you will see, implications for understanding the peak-end theory can be game-changing, as it […]

What is Neuroplasticity? A Psychologist Explains [+14 Exercises]

Our brains are truly amazing, aren’t they? Have you ever watched one of those specials on someone who experienced an amazing, unexpected recovery after a traumatic brain injury, stroke, or other brain damage? Some of those stories seem like the only explanation is magic. Although it certainly seems inexplicable, scientists […]

What Are Intrusive Thoughts in OCD & How to Get Rid Of Them?

Do you ever have intrusive thoughts popping into your head, unbidden and seemingly from thin air? You might be just going about your day when—suddenly—your mind throws a crazy image or a bizarre thought at you, and you’re left scratching your head about what just happened. The thought could be […]

2+ Positive Body Image Activities & Worksheets

How do you feel about your body? If you don’t immediately answer “Great!” with a smile—don’t worry, you’re not alone! This is a very common problem for people today, especially women. With advertisements and images of a specific body type constantly bombarding us wherever we are or whatever we’re doing—on […]

28 Mental Health Games, Activities & Worksheets (& PDF)

Mental health is an important thing to talk about, but it can sometimes feel very uncomfortable. Despite this, increasing mental health awareness is crucial as it can have many positive outcomes. For example, one study examining a British anti-stigma campaign found that people who were more familiar with the campaign […]

Cognitive Distortions: 22 Examples & Worksheets (& PDF)

We tend to trust what goes on in our brains. After all, if you can’t trust your own brain, what can you trust? Generally, this is a good thing—our brain has been wired to alert us to danger, attract us to potential mates, and find solutions to the problems we […]

Body-Mind Integration: Training Attention for Mental and Physical Health

Even before Sigmund Freud and the psychoanalysis movement, psychologists have argued why the body-mind concept is crucial to psychology. The reasoning for this stems from the idea that physical conditions affect mental health, and that mental conditions affect physical health. Unlike desires or dreams, our thoughts and emotions don’t only […]

8 Ways To Create Flow According to Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi

Want to increase your well-being, creativity, and productivity? If so, you might want to cultivate flow, a concept describing those moments when you're completely absorbed in a challenging but doable task. Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, considered one of the co-founders of positive psychology, was the first to identify and research flow. (If you're not sure how […]

How to Overcome Self-Limiting Beliefs According to Psychology

How many times have you written yourself off or passed up opportunities due to beliefs like these: “I’m too old to do that.” “There’s no way I’m qualified to apply for this job.” “I can’t go talk to him -- he’s out of my league!” Whether you’re questioning your credentials […]