What is the determining factor that leads people to become successful? Is it merely hard work or is it being intellectually superior or talented in certain areas?
According to the world-renowned author and professor Carol Dweck, it has more to do with an individual’s mindset or beliefs about themselves, rather than about how smart they are or how hard working someone is.
Working hard is certainly a prerequisite to success, but only to a point. If you have a negative belief about yourself, like the idea that you cannot do something because you are not ‘smart’ enough, no amount of hard work is going to bring you success in life.
However, certain mindsets can allow you to achieve a higher degree of success. Take it from one of the leading researchers in the field of motivation.
Who is Carol Dweck?
Dweck is a psychologist who has done extensive research over the last 30 years on the cause and effect of how one’s thoughts catapult them into success or inadequacy. The path people choose, according to Dweck, has a lot more to do with attitude and perceptions of ourselves.
For example, if we fail at certain tasks and persist with a heavy feeling of inadequacy, versus a feeling of growth and fortitude, we are more likely to encounter less success. Dweck has, in this way, proved that “success is 90% attitude and 10% hard work.”
As a professor of psychology at Stanford University, Dweck has a Ph.D. from Yale and has taught at some of the most prestigious colleges around the country, including Columbia and Harvard Universities. Her book, Self-Theories: Their Role in Motivation, Personality, and Development was awarded Book of The Year in 1999 by the World Education Federation.
Her newest book, Mindset: The New Psychology of Success explains why intelligence and talent do not automatically bring success. Dweck explains that it’s less about intelligence than it is about a person’s mindset; their belief, attitude or outlook about themselves.
She also explains that intelligence, as well as abilities or talents, are not merely a result of being “born that way.” These attributes are not fixed or settled and are not the determining factors of success.
In her book “Mindset,” she explains that people maintain two different types of views on ability and or intelligence. The first view is the ‘entity view’ that says intelligence is immovable and established. Those who hold this idea have an elevated craving to prove themselves to others; to be seen as intellectual and to avoid at all costs, appearing unintelligent.
This self-theory can actually prevent a person from becoming successful.
The second view is the ‘incremental view.’ This belief treats intelligence as malleable, fluid and constantly changeable. Those who hold this view find fulfillment from the learning/growing process itself and also see the potential for prospects to continually lead to better opportunities. They don’t focus on what the outcome says about them, but what can be achieved from taking part in an endeavor.
Dweck herself has credited her discoveries and research to her own success of becoming a prestigious psychology professor, author and professional woman.
She is one of the leading motivational researchers in the world, whose written works and lectures have inspired many to find success using positive ideas about what motivates us.
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