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Career Counseling Training: 9 Certifications, Courses, & Degrees

Career counseling certificationThinking back to your original decision to pursue your current career, do you remember what influenced your choice?

Did you consider the impact that pursuing this career would have on your general happiness and wellbeing?

How would you like to help others make the right decisions regarding their future and career?

Career counselors assist individuals who are deciding on their future career or choosing to pursue a new one. They seek to understand the best professional route for their clients by assisting them in further understanding themselves.

Integrating career counseling into your existing practice is fairly simple and may be an impressive addition to the services you currently offer.

This article will provide an outline of the principles behind career counseling, as well as the type of training and certification required. Additionally, we will provide a few options for courses and specific degree programs that facilitate career counseling.

Before you continue, we thought you might like to download our three Positive Psychology Exercises for free. These science-based exercises will explore fundamental aspects of positive psychology including strengths, values, and self-compassion, and will give you the tools to enhance the wellbeing of your clients, students, or employees.

Training in Career Counseling 101

The field of career counseling has evolved to help provide guidance surrounding what vocation will fit an individual’s lifestyle, personality, and educational qualifications.

More specifically, career counseling is “the pursuit of any therapeutic intervention whose scope is to affect the career decision-making process based on elements/theories of traditional counseling” (Robertson, 2013, p. 3).

The life-design framework for counseling is an “intersubjective process which defines client experience through using personal accounts (i.e. life stories) to frame their unique pathway” (Savickas et al., 2009).

In terms of applying the life-design model to career counseling, practitioners focus more on discovering the intention, purpose, and calling of the individual, rather than simply administering aptitude tests to discover what model fits the client best (Madigan, 2011; Savickas, 2015).

It is important to incorporate life-design strategies alongside career counseling strategies to ensure that you are addressing the individual, as well as examining the career path they want to take.

Below are strategies that are in line with the life-design framework, which can be incorporated alongside any formal career counseling training (Savickas et al., 2009):

  • Motivating the client and developing client self-esteem and self-efficacy
  • Challenging dysfunctional thoughts and co-constructing new narratives toward achieving career goals
  • Developing the client’s self-knowledge (e.g., career management skills, career values, career interests) and acquisition of information regarding career and educational opportunities
  • Helping the client learn job-search techniques and develop self-presentation skills and a social network
  • Providing help (if needed) in practical matters such as sending job applications and creating résumés
  • Developing the client’s action plan
  • Supporting the client throughout implementing the action plan

When engaging in career counseling, the most effective results are not based on the modality of counseling that the practitioner employs, but the number of sessions the client completes, as well as the quality of exercises and amount of occupational information the counselor employs in their practice (Milot-Lapointe, Savard, & Le Corff, 2018).

Therefore, it is essential that career counselors seek the most relevant and applicable training when pursuing career counseling as a specialization or adding career counseling to an already established counseling practice.

 

4 Career Counseling Courses & Degrees

Becoming a career counselor requires you to have a bachelor’s degree (in any field) and a master’s degree in counseling. A background in counseling and therapy is essential in pursuing career counseling.

While clients might not start off seeking emotional support or challenging negative thinking patterns, these are elements that can emerge and keep a client from being successful in their chosen career path (Robertson, 2013).

Therefore, career counselors may need to provide elements from traditional counseling and therapeutic techniques to ensure their client is in the right headspace to put their energy toward pursuing their career goals.

Below, we have provided you with a few graduate programs that are specific to career counseling.

 

1. Master of Science Degree in Career Counseling (MS), Florida State University, United States

College of Education

This program combines clinical training with expertise in career counseling, and students can pursue a specialty in either career counseling or clinical mental health.

The diversity that the program offers gives students the opportunity to combine their knowledge about career counseling with clinical mental health, giving them the option of working with their clients to assist in both areas.

Prospective students also have the opportunity to pursue an education specialist (EdS) degree, if they are working in educational settings and want to upgrade their qualifications, while the MS is geared more toward students looking for a central specialization.

Students in both programs have the opportunity to work in the career counseling field, as the university has a partnership with the Florida State University Counseling Center.

This program is accredited by the Council for Accreditation of Counseling & Related Educational Programs (CACREP), which governs counseling standards in the United States.

Find out more on their website.

 

2. Master of Arts Degree in Career Counseling (MA), North Carolina Central University, United States

This program aims to prepare students to work as career development professionals. The entire program is completed online, and the first of three placements is even completed virtually through video conferencing software. The final two placements are completed with the career counseling center on campus.

Specific areas of study include general counseling modalities, and courses examine theories and models of career counseling, intending to prepare students to work in a variety of settings, including K–12 schools, colleges and universities, nonprofit organizations, and private companies.

This program is accredited by CACREP.

Find out more on their website.

 

3. Master of Arts Degree in Counseling and Career Development (MA), Colorado State University, United States

Colorado State

This master’s program aims to equip students with the skills necessary to become career counselors who can focus on achieving mental wellness and fulfillment in all areas of a client’s life.

Focus is placed on ensuring that students have the knowledge and skills to help their clients develop life–career plans, integrating work and other life events into their client’s plan for success.

Students are also trained in career education, planning, management, and guidance to complement their counseling.

This program is accredited by CACREP.

Find out more on their website.

 

4. Master of Science in Integrative Counseling and Coaching (MSc), University of East London, United Kingdom

The aim of this program is to combine the resolution of internal conflicts that counseling offers with the goal and behavioral change solutions that coaching offers. Having skills in both domains is key for career counselors, as clients may seek a combination of both counseling approaches to attain success in their personal and professional lives.

This program requires three years of part-time study, offered both online and in person. While the first year focuses on counseling models with a strong emphasis on personal development, the second year integrates evidence-based coaching models, integrating both disciplines together under the framework of personal consultancy.

In their third and final year, students embark on an independent research project of their choosing to show how they have applied the knowledge they have gained in academic settings.

The program is accredited by the British Association for Coaching and Psychotherapy.

Find out more on their website.

 

5 Best Certification Opportunities

While a few master’s programs are specific to career counseling, others offer career counseling courses alongside a regular counseling program. Postgraduate certifications are shorter and typically add on to an existing knowledge base garnered through a practitioner’s previous education.

When deciding which option is right for you, it is important to consider where you are in your individual pathway as a practitioner and how strongly you want to focus on career counseling in your practice.

This section provides you with a selection of postgraduate certificate programs and courses that are shorter and can provide a brief, more condensed introduction to the field of career counseling.

 

Graduate and postgraduate certificates

1. Graduate Certificate in College and Career Counseling, University of Memphis, Tennessee, United States

University Memphis

This certificate is designed to provide individuals who are currently engaged in educational settings with the expertise and knowledge to counsel students entering post-secondary or vocational studies.

The focus in this program is specific to high school students entering the next stage of their educational journey, making this ideal for guidance counselors in a high school setting looking to upgrade their qualifications.

This program is open to students pursuing a graduate degree or who meet the minimum requirements, as outlined in the University of Memphis program guide. In addition, this program places an emphasis on working with special populations and social justice to help their graduates provide specific guidance for varied populations.

Find out more on their website.

2. Postgraduate Certificate in Career Development (PgCert), Edinburgh Napier University, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Edinburgh

Unlike other programs, this program focuses on self-directed learning, as the program is mainly online and requires the individual to complete coursework at their own pace. This makes it ideal for individuals who are already engaged in a career, as they can complete the coursework on their own time, while still engaging in effective learning.

Students have access to guided readings and weekly tutor support to assist with course content.

This course welcomes applications from international students, as well as individuals living in the United Kingdom. The program is designed to be completed in one year of part-time study. Courses are focused on career development practice and the influence of the labor market, public policy, and institutional arrangements on career counseling.

Find out more on their website.

3. Graduate Certificate in Career Services (CCS), Western Kentucky University, United States

 

This graduate certificate is for individuals who are already pursuing a standalone degree or have obtained a master’s degree in a related subject (e.g., education, psychology).

The program aims to educate professionals on engaging students in the academic experience through providing guidance on academic majors and career choices.

Courses emphasize a focus on student post-secondary experiences, applications for student services, and advanced career counseling. The focus on student guidance makes the program well suited for professionals who are working in a post-secondary educational environment and looking for additional education surrounding career-specific guidance.

Find out more on their website.

 

Professional development certification courses

Although coaching and counseling are not the same field, they share a lot of similar goals, including the intent to help your client achieve the best version of themselves through behavioral change and personal goal setting.

To help elevate your counseling services and better serve clients who want guidance on taking their career to the next level but already have the tools to manage their personal life, we recommend you look at these coaching certifications that focus solely on career development.

1. Career Development Practitioner Certification (CDP), remote, Career Pro Canada

CPC

This intensive certification provides a combination of traditional career coaching instruction, such as résumé building and interviewing, alongside the foundations of career coaching and work–life balance in sessions with clients.

It is a fully online program designed for professionals looking to enhance their skills and expertise in a shorter time frame.

Despite the correspondence nature of the program, there is an emphasis on online collaboration with instructors and other individuals completing the course. These discussion forums give students the flexibility to interact and complete assignments on their own time, while still being part of a community of learners.

Find out more on their website.

2. Certified Career Coach Course, remote, Get Five, United States

Get five

Although this course centers more around coaching than counseling, this eight-week program provides a great transition point into the field of career coaching.

They provide a five-step method that encourages course participants to examine the outcomes they want from their professional practice and engage in goal setting for themselves. By developing these habits in professional practice, they are better able to coach their clients on effective means of transmitting success in their future career.

The program also offers several mentorship opportunities, and students are paired with an experienced coach from the start to guide them through the process.

Communication with the coach continues even after the course is complete to help students integrate the knowledge they have gained with their client base.

Find out more on their website.

 

PositivePsychology.com’s Relevant Resources

Below, we have compiled several resources you can integrate into your career counseling practice.

We have also included bridging exercises that combine career and the development of general wellbeing, since both constructs are seen as being interrelated in promoting satisfaction with one’s life.

  • Coping With Stress
    This two-part exercise invites clients to list experienced physiological and emotional symptoms of stress and brainstorm strategies to reduce, cope with, or eliminate these sources of stress. In a career counseling setting, this exercise may help clients identify areas of their working life that cause them to underperform or interfere with achieving their professional goals.

  • Identifying Your Ikigai
    This worksheet applies the Japanese concept of ikigai, or reason for being, to help clients identify a direction to take their career that aligns with passions and past experiences.

  • Assessment of Life and Career ‘Wants’
    This worksheet presents five questions to help clients connect their sense of purpose with the career they wish to pursue.

  • Career Action Plan
    This worksheet helps clients clarify a career goal and break it down into a series of actionable steps.

  • Career Counseling Resources: 10 Techniques for Your Sessions
    This article discussing career counseling sessions is a great benefit to counselors as it provides tools and techniques to help clients find the right career path.

  • 17 Positive Psychology Exercises
    If you’re looking for more science-based ways to help others enhance their wellbeing, this signature collection contains 17 validated positive psychology tools for practitioners. Use them to help others flourish and thrive.

 

A Take-Home Message

Consultation with career counselors is becoming a more common practice and is often coupled with assisting individuals in dealing with other aspects of their life such as reducing stress and increasing decision-making power.

Looking at our preferences in line with our future career options can result in a great deal of uncertainty. Providing clients with some stability and a sympathetic ear can change someone’s life, especially in today’s ever-changing economic structure.

We hope this article provides you with some tips for integrating career counseling into your current practice or inspires you to seek out a new path as a career counselor.

We hope you enjoyed reading this article. Don’t forget to download our three Positive Psychology Exercises for free.

References

  • Madigan, S. (2011). Narrative therapy. American Psychological Association.
  • Milot-Lapointe, F., Savard, R., & Le Corff, Y. (2018). Intervention components and working alliance as predictors of individual career counseling effect on career decision making difficulties. Journal of Vocational Behavior107, 15–24.
  • Robertson, P. J. (2013). The well-being outcomes of career guidance. British Journal of Guidance and Counselling41(3), 254–266.
  • Savickas, M. L. (2015). Life-design counseling manual. Retrieved May 20, 2021, from https://dwd.wisconsin.gov/youthapprenticeship/pdf/2017_forum/eidsmoe/manual_LifeDesignCounseling.pdf
  • Savickas, M. L., Nota, L., Rossier, J., Dauwalder, J. P., Duarte, M. E., Guichard, J., … Van-Vianen, A. E. M. (2009). Life-designing: A paradigm for career construction in the 21st century. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 75, 239–250.

Comments

What our readers think

  1. Céline Paquette, c.o.

    Dear Dr. Gabriella,

    Interesting article which shows what is being offered in the U.S., England and English Canada. I would like to add the Masters degrees that are required to be a career guidance counsellor in the Québec province of Canada. The career guidance counselling profession is certified and monitored by l’Ordre des conseillers et des conseillères d’orientation du Québec, which is an official level of professional accreditation equal to that of psychologists, doctors, lawyers, etc. The masters in career counseling are offered at l’Université Laval in Québec city, l’Université de Sherbrooke, l’Université du Québec à Montréal and McGill University. The masters offered in the Québec province of Canada have been used to develop programmes internationally, from France and Belgium to India.

    Best regards.
    Céline

    Reply
  2. Kamlesh chamoli

    Thanks for the Article. May god bless you. It Will help me A lot

    Reply
  3. Syeda ujala

    Dear Dr.Gabriella
    Hope you are fine. I want to know about professional development opportunities at doctorate level. As I am currently pursuing my MS in Career Counseling and Education. I am interested in continuing my professional growth. Looking forward to your kind response.

    Reply
    • Nicole Celestine, Ph.D.

      Hi Syeda,

      Could you let me know what kind of opportunities you’re looking for specifically? For instance, are you looking to do a PhD on the topic of career counseling in education and write a thesis, or looking for some kind of program that will hone your skills as a practitioner. Let me know!

      – Nicole | Community Manager

      Reply
  4. Afaf Alharbi

    Dear Dr.Gabriella,
    Hope you are doing great. Thank you for the helpful information provided. I have a question that I have been trying to find a answer for a long time.
    Where can I find an institution that provide a certification on (train of trainee in career counseling).

    Best regards
    Afaf

    Reply
    • Nicole Celestine, Ph.D.

      Hi Afaf,

      I would suggest taking a look at some of the Member Organizations listed under the International Career Counsellor’s Club website for professional development courses. I’m sure some of these would center around the capacity to train other career counsellors.

      You might even wish to drop an email to the ICC who can point you toward an appropriate training option.

      Hope this helps a little!

      – Nicole | Community Manager

      Reply

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